out1 [ aut ] function word ***
Out can be used in the following ways:
as an adverb:
We went out into the yard.
He took out a penknife.
after the verb to be :
You were out when I called.
The house was silent and all the lights were out.
in the preposition phrase out of:
I got out of bed and went downstairs. In American English and spoken British English out itself is commonly used as a preposition, but many British people consider that this use is not correct:
I looked out the window.
1. ) when you leave a place
a ) used for saying that someone leaves their home or place of work in order to visit someone, have a meal, buy something, etc.:
Dr. Hammond is out right now can I take a message.
Why don't you take Dad out for a drink?
be/get out and about (=go to other places and meet people): Try to get out and about more make new friends.
b ) leaving a room or building:
She went out, slamming the door behind her.
Frank was just coming out of the library.
I followed him out of the door and down the stairs.
Get out! she screamed. Get out of my house.
c ) away from an area, town, or country:
Follow the main road out of Newport.
I'll be out of town for a couple of weeks.
d ) out of school/college/the hospital etc. used for saying that someone is no longer at school/in the hospital etc.:
He's out of the hospital, but he can't go back to work.
just/straight out of something (=having recently left): Teachers just out of college are most influenced by fashionable theories.
e ) not in prison anymore:
a convicted murderer who will be out again in seven or eight years' time
2. ) outside
a ) not inside a building:
The children are out in the back yard.
Is it cold out?
out there: I was standing out there in the rain.
b ) from inside a building or vehicle toward something outside:
I stood by the window, staring out into the darkness.
He stopped the car, leaned out, and called to me.
3. ) when something is removed from where it was
a ) from inside a container, hole, or space:
He opened the drawer and took out a large brown envelope.
Take that chewing gum out of your mouth.
b ) used for saying that something is removed from a place where it was attached:
When I opened the book, I saw that several pages had been torn out.
I had a tooth out this morning.
You'll have to take the four screws out, then you can remove the cover.
c ) used for stating where money is taken from:
out of: The money will all come out of my personal bank account.
One employer had taken $100,000 out of his company's pension fund.
4. ) far away
a ) used for saying that someone or something is in another place far away, especially toward the west:
Her son's gone out to California.
way out: a little town way out on the prairies
out there: I wonder if there's life out there on another planet somewhere.
b ) used for saying how far away from a place something is:
The airport is just four miles out of the city.
c ) used for saying how far away from the coast a boat is:
a yacht drifting helplessly 200 miles out in the Atlantic
5. ) when someone/something is gotten rid of
a ) used for saying that a mark is removed from the surface of something:
Notes in pencil had been rubbed out.
Ink stains will come out if you rub them with vinegar and salt.
b ) used for saying that something that you do not want is gotten rid of:
Have you thrown out yesterday's paper?
We need to root out racism in the police and army.
c ) used for saying that someone is forced to leave a group, organization, or job:
Frederick was kicked out of the military in 1998.
The union threw out 26 members who refused to join the strike.
6. ) not in the library/store used for saying that a book or video is not in a library or video store because someone has borrowed it:
We do have the book you asked for, but it's out at the moment.
7. ) available used for saying that a new product, book, record, etc. is available for people to buy:
It was back in November when the album came out.
In his latest book, out today, he tells of his experiences in the civil war.
8. ) no longer in a situation used for saying that someone is not in a bad situation anymore:
out of trouble/danger/mischief etc.: Parents will be relieved that their children are out of danger.
Stacey will be allowed to go free on condition that he stays out of trouble for a year.
a way out (=a way of escaping from a bad situation): We are facing a major crisis and there is no easy way out.
9. ) unconscious used for saying that someone is unconscious or is made unconscious:
Arthur had hit his head on a beam and knocked himself out.
I must have been out for twenty minutes before I recovered consciousness.
10. ) not fashionable used for saying that something is not fashionable anymore:
Nylon shirts went out years ago.
This year pink is definitely out.
11. ) no longer in a competition used for saying that someone is not allowed to continue taking part in a competition or series of games, especially because they have been defeated:
If we don't win this afternoon's game, we'll be out of the championships.
Australia was knocked out when England scored a last-minute goal in the quarter final of the tournament.
12. ) not burning or not shining
a ) no longer burning:
No wonder it's cold in here you let the fire go out.
b ) used for saying that lights have been switched off:
The children were in bed and the lights were out.
13. ) not wanted or not possible INFORMAL if a particular idea, suggestion, or activity is out, it is not possible or it cannot be accepted.:
I've hurt my back, so gardening is out as far as I'm concerned.
Anything that costs more than $3,000 is out.
14. ) when there is none of something left
a ) with none of something left:
out of: We're out of toilet paper.
run out of something (=use all of something so that there is none left): a driver who had run out of gas
I'm running out of ideas can you suggest anything?
b ) run out/sell out if a supply of something runs out/sells out, there is none left:
The first edition of the book sold out within 24 hours.
Supplies of uranium will have run out by the end of the decade.
15. ) with a loud clear sound used for saying that a sound or voice is loud and clear:
Church bells rang out across the land.
Someone called out to me from an upstairs window.
out loud: Don't whisper, say it out loud so we can all hear.
16. ) able to be seen
a ) if the sun or moon is out, it is not behind clouds:
The rain stopped and the sun came out.
b ) if flowers are out, they have opened:
on a spring evening when the tulips are out
17. ) when the ocean is low if the TIDE is out, the ocean is at a lower level:
Now that the tide was out, we could walk across the sands.
18. ) known to everyone if information is out, it becomes publicly known:
At last her secret was out and, of course, there would be a scandal.
The exam results aren't out yet.
So the news has leaked out already, has it?
19. ) when part of your back is in pain used for saying that the bones in your back have moved and it is very painful:
Dad threw his back out moving the sofa.
20. ) when a machine is not working used for saying that a machine or a piece of electrical equipment is not working:
The copy machine is out again.
21. ) to a number of different people used for saying that you give or send things to a number of different people:
Have you sent out the invitations yet?
22. ) no longer batting if a player or team is out during a game of baseball or CRICKET, they are not BATTING anymore
23. ) no longer ruling a country used for saying that a political party or leader no longer controls the government of a country:
Many people voted Republican just to keep the Democrats out.
secret efforts to force the President out of power
24. ) having stopped work MAINLY BRITISH used for saying that workers are on STRIKE (=have stopped work in order to protest)
25. ) not correct BRITISH used for saying that a number, calculation, or measurement is not correct:
The planners were out in their calculations by about two million pounds.
before the day/week/month/year etc. is out MAINLY LITERARY
before a day/week/month/year etc. has ended:
We planned to meet again before the month was out.
be out to do something/be out for something
to be aiming to do something or get something:
These are dangerous men, and they are out for revenge.
The company is simply out to make larger profits.
one out of ten/99 out of 100 etc.
used for saying how large a part of a group or number you are talking about:
Only one out of ten graduates goes into the teaching profession.
out of interest/respect/pity etc.
because of a particular feeling or attitude:
It was agreed that alcohol should not be served, out of respect for Muslim customs.
I went along to watch the ceremony, more out of curiosity than anything else.
out of it INFORMAL
1. ) not conscious of what is happening, especially because you are drunk or have taken drugs
2. ) unhappy because you cannot take part in a group or activity:
Being the only non-golfer present, I felt really out of it.
out of wood/metal/plastic etc.
used for saying what kind of material was used for making something:
a figure of a dancer carved out of black wood
They had constructed a simple shelter out of bamboo and palm leaves.
out with it SPOKEN
used for telling someone to say what they have been unwilling or unable to say:
Come on, what's the problem? Out with it!
out 2 [ aut ] adjective
a gay person who is out has told other people that they are gay:
an out lesbian politician
out to: Are you out to your parents?
out 3 [ aut ] verb transitive usually passive
1. ) to make it publicly known that someone is gay:
a gay schoolteacher who was outed on national television by one of his former students
2. ) to make an unpleasant or embarrassing fact about someone publicly known
out 4 [ aut ] noun singular
an excuse that is used in order to avoid having to do something or in order to avoid being blamed:
They're trying to find an out so that they don't have to pay for the damage.

Usage of the words and phrases in modern English. 2013.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • out — out …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Out — (out), adv. [OE. out, ut, oute, ute, AS. [=u]t, and [=u]te, [=u]tan, fr. [=u]t; akin to D. uit, OS. [=u]t, G. aus, OHG. [=u]z, Icel. [=u]t, Sw. ut, Dan. ud, Goth. ut, Skr. ud. [root]198. Cf. {About}, {But}, prep., {Carouse}, {Utter}, a.] In its… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Out at — Out Out (out), adv. [OE. out, ut, oute, ute, AS. [=u]t, and [=u]te, [=u]tan, fr. [=u]t; akin to D. uit, OS. [=u]t, G. aus, OHG. [=u]z, Icel. [=u]t, Sw. ut, Dan. ud, Goth. ut, Skr. ud. [root]198. Cf. {About}, {But}, prep., {Carouse}, {Utter}, a.]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Out in — Out Out (out), adv. [OE. out, ut, oute, ute, AS. [=u]t, and [=u]te, [=u]tan, fr. [=u]t; akin to D. uit, OS. [=u]t, G. aus, OHG. [=u]z, Icel. [=u]t, Sw. ut, Dan. ud, Goth. ut, Skr. ud. [root]198. Cf. {About}, {But}, prep., {Carouse}, {Utter}, a.]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Out of — Out Out (out), adv. [OE. out, ut, oute, ute, AS. [=u]t, and [=u]te, [=u]tan, fr. [=u]t; akin to D. uit, OS. [=u]t, G. aus, OHG. [=u]z, Icel. [=u]t, Sw. ut, Dan. ud, Goth. ut, Skr. ud. [root]198. Cf. {About}, {But}, prep., {Carouse}, {Utter}, a.]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Out on — Out Out (out), adv. [OE. out, ut, oute, ute, AS. [=u]t, and [=u]te, [=u]tan, fr. [=u]t; akin to D. uit, OS. [=u]t, G. aus, OHG. [=u]z, Icel. [=u]t, Sw. ut, Dan. ud, Goth. ut, Skr. ud. [root]198. Cf. {About}, {But}, prep., {Carouse}, {Utter}, a.]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • out — out·age; out·back·er; out·breathed; out·bye; out·come; out·com·er; out·com·ing; out·cri·er; out·crop·per; out·done; out·door; out·doors·man; out·doorsy; out·er·most; out·fang·thief; out·field·er; out·field·ing; out·fields·man; out·fit·ter;… …   English syllables

  • out — [out] adv. [ME < OE ut, akin to ON út, Ger aus < IE base * ud , up, up away > Sans úd , L us(que)] 1. a) away from, forth from, or removed from a place, position, or situation [they live ten miles out] b) away from home [to go out for… …   English World dictionary

  • Out 1 — The title card to Out 1 Directed by Jacques Rivette Suzanne Schiffman (co director) …   Wikipedia

  • out — [ aut ] adv. et adj. inv. • 1891; mot angl. « hors de » ♦ Anglic. I ♦ Adv. Tennis Hors des limites du court. Adj. La balle est out. II ♦ Adj. inv. (1966) Se dit de qqn qui se trouve dépassé, rejeté hors d une évolution ou incapable de la suivre… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Out — may refer to: Media Out (film), a short 1957 film produced by the United Nations about the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 Out (1982 film), 1982 American movie (also known as Deadly Drifter directed by Eli Hollander, starring Peter Coyote Out… …   Wikipedia